Plant & Flower Identification

What Does A Pear Tree Look Like? Tips To Identify & Care

Recently, gardeners have become increasingly concerned about fruit trees. One of these, pear trees, has become quite a popular name that gardeners want to introduce to their gardens.

But what does a pear tree look like? There are at least 30 varieties throughout the world, but all of them share specific characteristics.

In this context, we are going to pass through three key sections to find out the same traits of them besides addressing some common tricky questions about the tree.

If you are interested in this kind of tree, what are you waiting for? Join us to reach a thoughtful answer right now!

What Are Common Kinds of Pear Trees? 

what does a pear tree look like

There are three key pear trees in recent fields, including the Kieffer type, the Callery type, and the Bartlett type. What kind of pear tree do I have? You might wonder.

To answer the query, have a look at the section.

The Kieffer Type

The type is a cross between the Chinese pear tree and the European pear tree. This pear tree is in favor of greatly hot seasons and produces long and big yellow pears, which are pretty crispy.

You can expect these trees to reach 20 feet tall and expand 20 feet in spread. But other smaller varieties can only develop to 12 to 15 feet in height and 10 feet in spread.

The Callery Type

This pear tree is known as Bradford tree cultivar, or Pyrus calleryana, which grows from 16 to 26 feet (5 to 8 meters) tall, coming with a round-conical crown. 

This type of pear tree belongs to the inedible fruits, yet they are regarded as incredibly lovely decorative pear trees.

They display decently autumn colors, with the tree’s leaves turning to bronze, purple, pink, orange, red, and yellow in fall.

The Bartlett Type

This pear tree is mentioned as Williams’ Bon Chretien pear and Pyrus communis – a cultivar type.

This pear variety is a long-lived tree type, some living up to 100 years. That might be because they can endure higher temperatures than many other pear trees.

They generate bell-shaped pears that are green and transform to yellow or red when ripe. Interestingly enough, the Bartlett fruits are what define the pear flavor since they are super distinctly aromatic.

This genus is very popular in America, where I live, and I also planted 2 trees in my backyard. The fruits are incredibly fresh and crisp without being too sweet.

What Does A Pear Tree Look Like? 

caring for pear trees

The standard pear tree is around 43 feet (13 meters) tall at maturity. The tree is quite long-lived (up to 75 years old). Their leathery leaves normally come with an oval or roundish shape.

Their blossoms normally contain five creamy white or pink petals and are approximately 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide.

When it comes to their fruit, most people don’t forget to mention their sweet taste and soft texture. They are elongated and quite narrow at the stem.


The average pear tree height normally is 25 to 40 feet, and these trees can grow considerably fast.

Nevertheless, gardeners often use dwarf rootstocks to cultivate them. This is preferred because dwarf pear trees are much simpler to prune, manage, and eventually gather.


What does pear tree look like on the bark? The bark of the tree might range from light brown to light gray in color.

Also, a young tree typically has textured bark, while adult pear trees grow shallow ridges with deep fissures.


The tree is a kind of hermaphroditic family. This indicates that its blossoms possess both female and male sexual characteristics.

Therefore, the type of tree is self-fertile. Also, insect pollinators (such as honey bees) can pollinate the pear tree. If the pear has white flowers, it will attract more butterflies than other pear trees.

Pear trees belong to the Rosaceae family, and therefore, their flowers look like creamy white, small roses which come with five 1-inch-diameter petals. These flowers start to burgeon in spring.


It’s easy to identify fruit trees by leaves, and pear trees are no exception.

When an adult tree is pollinated and fertilized successfully, it will generate the edible bell-shaped fruit of a normal pear.

The fruit’s skin is covered by a delicate green or yellow color, and its flesh is extremely juicy and creamy in a yellow hue. They are pretty crunchy yet might bruise at ease.

The fruit of a mature tree is ripe after August (especially September or October). Still, I normally choose pears when they aren’t fully ripened or just barely matured.

If farmers don’t pick pears in this period, fruits are prone to damage and drop from their branches. Also, when fully ripened, pear fruits often endure impairment during delivery to customers.

The best time to gather them is when they are still a bit firm and their skin is still healthy.


The flowers grow in clusters among ovate-formed leaves (from 4-10 leaves). The pear’s leaves are typically dark green, but some might be silvery white in color.

After pollinating successfully, they could start to grow pears.

These pear trees won’t normally produce flowers or fruit till they turn 5 years old after planting.

Planting pear trees is not too hard, as they develop pretty quickly and generate fruit crops rather rapidly as well.

Root System

The pear roots grow quite shallowly where they’re planted. Typically, its root will not be deeper than 20 -inch depth into the soil. Its root system is pretty wide-spreading and shallow.

Sometimes, they might exceed the range of the pear crown’s medium width.

Therefore, remember that they should be planted at appropriate distances to avoid root tangling, which might make getting rid of a sick pear tree hard.

Of course, this trait is for reference only since you just can’t dig into the soil to see the root and identify if that is really a pear tree. Knowing about the root system also supports better care.


As mentioned, the leaves are deep green and glossy in color. They range from elliptic to ovate in shape and measure 4 inches in length, with smooth edges.

Their leaves often appear in the spring season and turn either red or yellow in fall just before they drop.


common pear tree

What Is The History Of Pear Trees?

Pear is a common fruit in tropical climates, with a pleasant taste that consumers favor, so it has become increasingly prevalent.

The popular pear tree is likely of European origin and has been planted since ancient ages. Their fruits were launched into the market by Europeans when they established their colonies.

Missionaries from Spain also brought the tree to California and Mexico. Bartlett was the most grown type at that time.

In Canada and the US, the common pear trees are Winter Nelis, Anjou, and Beurré Bosc. A greatly prevalent pear diversity in the Netherlands and England is the Conference type.

Popular pear varieties in Italy consist of Passe Crassane, Coscia, and Curato, with Passe Crassane also being well-favored in France.

Meanwhile, local Asian or Chinese pear is a major species in Asian regions.

Which Areas Can Pear Trees Grow?

The fruit tree is a deciduous type that comes from eastern and central Europe and even southwestern Asia.

According to the climates in these regions, the tree prefers tropical areas. Therefore, they are popularly cultivated in Australia, Europe, Asia, and the eastern US.

This type of tree has grown strongly in the wild with a lot of sunlight or in open woodland zones.

What Are The Ideal Conditions For the Growth Of Pear Trees?

There are three key factors to form the perfect environment for the development of pears, including temperature, sun exposure, and soil.


This type of tree thrives on various soil kinds. They can work on heavy clay soil, medium loamy soil, and light sandy soil.

But these trees show a favor to well-drained and moist soils. In addition, they can endure drought seasons. The pH level might be either neutral or acidic.

Sun Exposure

Pear trees prefer to grow in rich sun areas. But if you plant it in semi-shade zones, it still develops well.


Pears can stand the cold weather, even as low as 5°F, which is more resilient than other trees such as apples.

If your pear trees stay in a continuously low temperature, it is not hard for the plant’s flowers to die, leading to a no-fruit crop for that season.

In addition, for a pear tree to develop fully and healthily, I also pay more attention to weather and water.

Regularly check their leaves or blossoms to avoid some common diseases, such as borers, codling moth, pear psylla, powdery mildew, apple scab, canker, anthracnose, or fire blight.

Bottom Lines

What does a pear tree look like? There are three pear tree types: Kieffer, Callery, and Bartlett.

Although each kind of pear has some different traits, they still have the same common aspects on leaves, roots, fruit, flower, bark, size, or foliage.

I also share the ideal conditions for pear trees to grow. If you intend to plant one, you should pay more attention to soil, sun exposure, and temperature.

Thank you for reading. Sharing is caring. Don’t forget to share it with those with the same interest in the plant as you. See you soon in my future articles!

Samuel Mark

Hello I am Samuel. Samuel's Garden is a garden blog where I share my experiences in garden caring and tree growth. Hope you enjoy it!

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